Sectarian divide is a result of religion being used politically rather than discrimination

Sectarian divide and violence between the Sunni and Shia groups in this country has been rapidly escalating during the last years. From the brutal, cold-blooded murder of 160 15234-shiagenocideafp-1355814607-207-640x480Hazara Shias in less than two months in 2013 to the bomb blast in an Ashura procession which killed 43 people, the Shia community has been constantly targeted in Pakistan. In early August, the Chairman of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP), Zohra Yusuf, told Agence France-Presse that “People have been killed because of their political affiliations, but it seems most are killed because of their ethnic background. The majority of them are poor and destitute.”

Primarily this divide has been caused due to religion being used politically, discrimination of Shias and tit-for-tat terror attacks against Sunnis. Firstly, the gradual increase in sectarian conflict, which begun during the 1970’s and furthermore was enhanced during the Iranian Revolution resulted in the fight for more power, influence and the desire to be politically strong. Both parties struggled to employ religion as a tool of strategy even in the 633084391political sphere. Furthermore, the deprived status given to the Shias, in social, political and economic sense, in Sunni majority areas has invoked a feeling of alienation among the Shia group and has led them in pursuit of legitimacy and liberation. Their failure to cultivate a sense of national identity and the constant discrimination faced by the Shia group has further inculcated hatred and conflicts between the two religious groups. Research shows that, “2011 and 2012 have seen a chain of violent attacks at the Shia/ Hazara community. Hundreds have been dragged out of buses and gunned down.” Lastly, as the minority of Shia group faced constant letdown from the side of the government as well as from relentless attacks from the opposing Sunni groups, eventually they took up weapons to protect their people and indulge in tit-for-tat terrorized assault against activist and revolutionary Sunni groups. All in all, these reasons added up to the causes for this further nurtured sectarian divide and conflict in Pakistan.

The city of Karachi, over the years, has been witness to some of the worst sectarian violence this country has ever seen. The can be owed to funding by Arab states, existence of a large number of madrassa, presence of Taliban and the poor law and order in the city. As Zia ur Rehman writes, ‘based on last year’s figures, Karachi was the Pakistani city worst hit by sectarianism, with 36 attacks that killed 58 and injured another 58’.Such is the extreme of Shia- Sunni conflict in this region. One of the key reasons why Karachi has been a hotbed for sectarian violence might be found in the political history of this city. During the 1970’s, Karachi became a proxy battleground between Saudi Arabia and Iran. The Saudi state provided unwavering support to Sunni extremist groups in the city while Iran funded Shia organizations. This war between the two countries played widened the gap between the two communities and took violence to unprecedented levels and this continues till to-date. (HumaYousaf) Another reason for this ever growing violence is the presence of large number of Madrassas in Karachi. These madrassas started emerging due to the Islamization policies of Zia-ul-Haq. At this point in time Karachi was already home to religious extremist organizations, both Sunni and Shia. These organizations received state patronage and external support enabling them to establish their madrassas. (D. SubaChandran)The graduates of these madrassas became the soldiers in the sectarian war in the 80s and 90s. Unfortunately, Karachi still continues to bear the fruits of these madrassas. The existence of the Taliban in Karachi could be another reason for these increasing conflicts. After the military operation in Swat and Waziristan, Karachi became home to a million Pashtun refugees, these refugee towns became safe havens for the Taliban who have taken up arms against the political parties in the city. These Taliban also support extremist Sunni organizations and encourage attacks on Shia community.  The Taliban have managed to gain considerable control by following the lead of violent gangs in Karachi. This control is allowing them to exert their extremist ideology on the Sunni population and hence increase the divide between the two communities (Ashraf Khan) Another major reason why this chaotic situation has failed to be controlled is because of the high corruption and the law and order situation of the city. Although the political parties claim otherwise, it is believed that they do have some, if not all, part to play in this mess. And because these political parties have placed their favored candidates at the top bureaucratic positions in the public sector, they can now proceed to even break the law without it having any repercussions. Thus religious extremism carries on at its regular pace.

- Sunnis and Shias joining hands together.

– Sunni’s and Shia’s together joining hands.



Green: Wear Your Colour With Pride


“Cut me and i shall Bleed Green”


Pakistan, a state referred by many to be a failed one. Requiring transfusions from IMF on a regular basis, just to get by. But thats not my Pakistan, my pakistan is the beauty of the northern areas. My Pakistan is the one where people priorities our families over everything else. My pakistan is beautiful. But why do people stereotype us. The awkward paradigm refers to the nations  long standing correlation to the terrorism.

The Core Examp, we are not all the same

The Core Examp, we are not all the same

However, such thoughts are only nourished by narrow-minded people. Their are people in the world who still dare to come here. Why you say?, the tourism some decades ago in our country was booming. The safety meant that tourists found a lot of destinations. If such were still the case we would be an economy to be vicariously modeled. However, now instead of tourists roaming the mall road, we have suicide attacks at WaghA Border. This is just a needle In the hay stack the problem goes far and deep. We have lost our pride for one. We fail to recognize the goodness in people who stop to check if all is ok after an accident. We live in a state where despite some conflicting sects, There are those who respect and treat women like royalty. Hence, why judge  book by its cover?. We Are a nation of beautiful people infected by corruption and debase.

However, if our enemies think we will give up. they are sorely mistaken. because if you Ban Saeed Ajmal, we will bring in ZulFiqar Babar. If you treat us unfairly we will get our repentance, we will have an infinite number of Arfa Karims and malala yousafzai’s. So yes i am proud of my country. I live and breathe to revive the vision of Quad-e-Azam. I will help the old lady climb the stares. The day will come when we will be run by Leaders and not dictators.

An 11 year old default programme: Only from Pak May she est in Peace.

An 11 year old default programme: Only from Pak May she est in Peace.

So to conclude, Pakistan is not a weak country. Poor?. Yes. Uneduced?. Yes. However, we have farmers with good morals and hardworking. We have NGO’s who help the poor. We have leaders who are Rallying people for justice and the day will come when people will have a hard time trying to get a Pakistani passport. They will prefer our universities,

So i salute you my Quaid for making me a Pakistani. For thh freedom. And no, we’re not weak we are the only islamic nuclear state and the sixth largest infantry. We’ve martyrs who face the barrel of a gun with a smile. So do know we are not ones to give up. because being a Pakistani means a lot to me and i will be loyal in all times to come.



Lost roots?

The Punjabi language has always been a victim of social, political and economic circumstances even before the partition of United India. It is currently facing extinction in our nation and here are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. Only a few monthly literary magazines constitute Punjabi press in Pakistan. Yet, Punjabi has no official status either in Pakistan or in West Punjab and is considered as a dying language and there are various reasons for that.

Language Map

Language Map

Firstly being that Punjabi is not taught in Pakistani schools but is widely spoken. There is not a single Punjabi medium school in Pakistan. Very sadly even though this language is the main language of the Pakistani public and is one of the oldest languages of the Indian subcontinent, despite it is not taught to Punjabi children in Schools nor is it the official language in any part of Pakistan. If we want to reclaim Punjabi language, the first step is to provide it educational backing by teaching Punjabi as a subject in schools.
Secondly, most ‘educated’ parents think it is ‘uncivilized’ to talk to their children in Punjabi. Punjabi is considered to be a very low class language.
When I interviewed Mr. Mohammad Moeen Ameen he said,Punjabi has been confined to only the rural areas and people of Pakistan”.
It is the social attitude of people that have associated Punjabi with informal and insignificant linguistic functions in life. The language desertion phenomenon is so visible in Punjabi urban families where parents speak with their children in Urdu and English, which are considered to be prestigious languages.

Ethno Lignuistic Regions Of Pakistan

Ethno Lignuistic Regions Of Pakistan

Hence it isn’t really alarming when I heard the Vice Principal of Government College say I have never seen or heard of an educated, or even semi-educated, Punjabi parent who is willing to communicate with his or her own child in their native tongue. Rather, they strongly discourage and often rebuke their children if they even suspect that they might be talking to other children in Punjabi, because speaking Punjabi is considered a mark of crudeness and bad manners.


❝If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.❞
‒Nelson Mandela



1890998_733075086733189_1148819892_n  Pakistanis are basically those men and women complaining about their country every second. Talk to a country fellow and their list wouldn’t come to an end regarding how worried they are by the unrest and political issues of the country. Every person living here is unsatisfied and living an underrated life except for THOSE off-course! So many issues we have here, so many complains, so much injustice at time too, but yet something unites us. Despite all the problems every Pakistani faces here we are reluctant to leave this country. The reason is that none of us hates Pakistan, we just hate those problems and we know we can overcome certain disputes just by showing little courtesy towards our beloved country.

Poetry by our National poet Allama Iqbal.

Poetry by our National poet Allama Iqbal.

There was a man, a man who fought hard, who made sure Muslims in the sub-continent (Indo-Pakistan) get their own 120458-ohome land to prove their identity and presence. This man was Jinnah, even the most powerful people of that time couldn’t buy him off. Due to his hard work and determinacy we Muslims whom were previously living in a Hindu dominating society knows as the Indian subcontinent are living in a free country today. Thank-you Jinnah, unfortunately Pakistan is not what you wanted it to be but there’s a shining beacon of hope as the people of Pakistan are exactly what you wanted them to be, they LOVE their country.

Democracy is in the blood of Musalmans, who look upon complete equality of manhood (mankind) and believe in fraternity, equality and liberty.” ― Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Pakistan is among the beauty of Asia, the country is blessed with four seasons making it a fruitful country. It is enriched with cultures. Pakistan is a blend of various cultures spread over four provinces of the country.

punjab culture

The north side of the country is an immense beauty, to the extreme north6758221791_e639fb340a_zNeelum-Valley there is heaven on earth, Kashmir. There is no beauty as this place. The Karakoram Highway is the greatest wonder of modern Pakistan and one of the most spectacular roads in the world. Connecting Pakistan to China, it twists through three great mountain ranges, the Himalayas and Karakoram.

Punjab is the most enriched province of Pakistan, all the seasons and soil is suitable for various agricultures. The heart of this province is Lahore, everything about this city is historical. images (1) Although Lahore may not be Pakistan’s capital city, it wins hands down as its cultural, intellectual and artistic hub. If history and architecture are your passion there’s an evocative mix, from formidable Mughal monuments to faded legacies of the British Raj. Indeed, even a ramble around the Old City can unfold into a mini-adventure.

The province of Balochistan in Pakistan contains most of historical Balochistan and is named after the Baloch. Neighboring regions are Iranian Balochistan to the west, Afghanistan and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the north and Punjab and Sindh to the east. To the south is the Arabian Sea. The principal languages in the province are Balochi, Pashto and Persian. The capital and largest city is Quetta.

sindi culturee

The second largest province of the country is Sindh. Sind is one of the four provinces in Pakistan located at the Southern border. The province of Sind has its name derived from the famous River Indus. Karachi is the main city here. This province offers a variety of pleasant attractions: wide sunny beaches, deep-sea fishing, yachting, golf and horseracing all year round. Hyderabad, Moenjodaro, Sukkar, Thar and Rohri are the prominent historical places here.

Due to its richness in cultures and art, Pakistan makes its own dominant mark in the world and attract tourists. Apart from these factors, what still makes Pakistan strong and powerfull are the people living here whom all still somewhat ”ALL FOR ONE AND ONE FOR ALL”.

Guinness world record of world's largest human flag made by Pakistan.

Guinness world record of world’s largest human flag made by Pakistan.



-Aisha Aftab

-Aisha Aftab

This is your Pakistan!


As salamo alaikum ,Friends my brothers and sisters today I felt an urge to write something about Pakistan that we might already know but now there is a need to remind everyone this is our country where we are Independent & free to do anything that we do not realize, have you ever  known the condition of Muslims who travel aboard for study or earning money they get bullied they don’t get job until they prove their loyalty. They are treated badly are not allowed to follow their sharia sometimes.

By Living in your country,you will never know what a Freedom is!

images25ZHKJ4E imagesDGEQO0V4

I am writing this for the people who being Pakistanis insult their own country saying their is nothing here for them .We all hear and read about how people criticize and insult Pakistan, and unfortunately there has been such violence in recent years .But we should not forget about the positive side of this country. The good points of Pakistan have been hidden in this time of violence. Lets view our potential by looking at our country past & present achievements.

  • In the last five years, Pakistan’s literacy rate has grown by 250%, the largest increase in any country to date.
  • Pakistan is the first Islamic country to attain nuclear power.
  • Edhi is running the World’s largest Ambulance network.
  • World’s youngest certified Microsoft Experts Arfa Kareem (Late) and Babar Iqbal are from Pakistan.
  • Pakistan has the sixth largest military force in the world.
  • Pakistan’s national anthem tune ranks first in the top three tunes of the world.
  • Fourth largest broadband internet system of world is in Pakistan
  • World’s largest deep sea port is Gwadar.
  • About 50% of the world’s footballs are made in Pakistan.
  • Pakistan is notable for having one of the best trained air-force pilots in the world.
  • LUMS (Lahore University of Management Sciences) attracts students from Middle East, the Far East, Central Asia, and other parts of South Asia.
  • Ustaad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, hailed as the most important Qawwali singer of the 20th century and received many awards around the globe such as The “Legends” award at the UK Asian Music Awards (2005).
  •  World’s 7th largest Pool of Scientists and Engineer.
  •  The Shah Faisal Mosque in Islamabad can accommodate almost 100,000 worshipers. Completed in 1976, it could at that time probably hold the city’s entire population.
  • Khewra salt mine, the second largest salt mine in the world is in Pakistan.
  •  The world’s highest paved international road, The Karakoram Highway, is in Pakistan which is the eighth wonder of the world.

59 210 610 710 untitled

Despite all the mishaps, destruction and loss, we’ve shown a lot of progress. We still have time to improve more. One of the inspiring fact we are seeing is that a majority is protesting the violence. We want to change and as long as we’re still living let’s bring out the best of us and our country.



Our Different life styles. (Do we have a free choice?)

“We Live in a society where our choice of clothing is made by the judgement others”

Remember when we were growing up we always used to talk on and on about how we wanted to become a Doctor,Army Officer or the ambitions of a few even exceeded reality where they would revel about the prospect of becoming very rich and just earning money. Well.even though that was pre pubescence, it is quite surprising that even today we aspire to achieve similar things. the main question is why? The answer lies in the way we are formed overtime. but is it really worth to compromise your children’s lifestyles just to make sure the neighbors don’t question your ways?


We often tend to judge ourselves on the opinions of others

The roots of this cause trace back to our cultural origins, we live in a society blended with the viral epidemic of fundamentalism. if we begin to discuss examples, it would take hours to think of even the most common ones. lets for one tae the story of a common Pakistan woman. what are her original teachings? Dress well, Work on Fairness and also specializing in becoming the perfect house wives. the cause for this goes deeper than the fundamental learning. the social learning also plays a role. woman with such mentality grow up in societies saturated with”RISHTA” aunties and obnoxious mothers who make it their life dream to find the perfect husband for them. hence, in the conservative section of our society which accounts for over 95% of the population can only aspire to be good house wives. if we are exemplifying, lets not forget the men who are under peer pressure from day one to commend good purchasing power as well as good respect in the society.

The preceding examples lead to even worse paradigms, men in society fail to live up to their potential or otherwise even chase their dreams for a change. to simplify such terms, we can take the example of Farhan, an acquaintance fond of painting, in fact incredibly passionate about it. his passion lead to a direct increase in his talent and his workshops showed that he had real potential. but at the age of 27, the bomb of being a perfect citizen drop right on his shoulders. Marriage. to conclude, his marriage as well as the responsibility of taking care of a woman made it impossible for him to even buy a minute to spare for his passion.

three-afghan-refugee-women-and-their-children-walk-in-an-alley-of-a-poor-neighborhood-in-pakistan12-20-2010_7334_l_uA contrast of the difference The Lifestyle Contrast: A village near Liyari : Karachi and the High Way system near Sea Veiw : Karachi

The scenarios is same or women, but there reasons would make a feminist jump in his own grave. it is a lot impossible for a woman to pursue her dreams. her parents expect nothing less than a good husband for their daughters. even the thought of a girl, for example trying to become a model in Lahore would make the Father’s cardiac veins tingle.

We live in a society where a boy can’t even dream of chasing his passion, or even of thinking about taking it as a hobby. although it is different for some parents, here we are talking about the 5%. the percentage of upper class. they have almost a different  style. it is almost as if you enter their household you feel like you have entered an apartment in the Hampton’s. there children drive six figure cars, hangout out in the best of hotels and are pampered with a high influx of Servants.

What Islam Teaches us, What we’ve forgotten (Video Link)

Hence, the problem boils down to the conflicting natures of the 5 Percent and the 95 Percent living in the same society. however, the nature of conservatism is vanishing fast. people are adopting to secular lifestyles more and more. Hence, it is the inevitable future that the number Five Percent will increase in the future. yet, this can’t be credited to be a good thing due to the fact that this viral outspread of the upper class will only make the poor poorer. because eventually, lets face it, none of us care about the poor.we may blame the bureaucrats however we are to blame because of our lack of concern to the cause.